# OPTI 502

Course Information | Homework Schedule | Downloads | Helpful Links

## Optical Design and Instrumentation I

**Semester:**Fall 2018**Days and Time:**Monday/Wednesday – 8:00 – 9:15 a.m.**Location:**Meinel Building, Room 307

### Instructor

**John E. Greivenkamp**

College of Optical Sciences, Rm. 741

(520) 621-2942

**Office Hours: Monday 2:00-3:00**

I also maintain an open door policy related to this course. Feel free to knock even if the door is physically closed. If the time is bad, we will set something up. I prefer to see you in person rather than by email!

### Teaching Assistant and Grader

**Yufeng Yan**

**Office Hours:
**

- Monday: 3:00-5:00 p.m.
- Tuesday: 2:00-4:00 p.m.
- Wednesday: 2:00-4:00 p.m.

Office hours will be held in the 7th floor discussion area (Optical Sciences West Wing). Also available by email and appointment. Please email to set up an individual appointment.

## Course Information

**Goal:** This course will provide the student with a fundamental understanding of optical system design and instrumentation. The course begins with the foundations of geometrical optics, which includes the first-order properties of systems, and paraxial raytracing, continues with a discussion of elementary optical systems, and concludes with an introduction to optical materials and dispersion. A special emphasis is placed upon the practical aspects of the design of optical systems.

**Instructor Notes:** Will be required and will be distributed on line.

**Required Text:** Field Guide to Geometrical Optics, J. E. Greivenkamp ISBN: 0819452947

Note that this book is available as an e-book through the UA library as well as an app for Android (search “SPIE”)

**References:** A useful list of optics references

**Full Course Syllabus: Syllabus** – Includes Course Policies

**Grading Policy and Schedule: **

- Homework 20%
- Pop Quizzes 10%
- Midterm Exam (In Class) 30%
- Wednesday 10/24/18 (Lecture 19)

- Final Exam (In Class) 40%
- Wednesday 12/12/18, 8:00-10:00 AM

Please note the final exam date that has been assigned by the University – plan your holiday travel accordingly as the final exam will not be available prior to this date. If the midterm date has not yet been determined, it will be announced well in advance.

Only a basic scientific calculator may be used for the in-class exams. This calculator must not have programming or graphing capabilities. An acceptable example is the TI-30 calculator. Each student is responsible for obtaining their own calculator. Please note that this type of calculator is also required for the Ph.D. Comprehensive/Preliminary Exam in Optical Sciences.

Distance Students: All course materials (including the final exam) must be received in Tucson by ** 5 PM on Monday December 17, 2018**. This implies that you must take the exam by Friday December 14 and ship it that same day by a priority service. It is the Student’s responsibility to see that this requirement is met by their proctor.

**Grading:**

A: Excellent – has demonstrated a more than acceptable understanding of the material; exceptional performance; exceeds expectations

B: Good – has demonstrated an acceptable understanding of the material; adequate performance; meets expectations

C: Average – has not demonstrated an acceptable understanding of the material; inadequate performance; does not meet expectations

D: Poor – little to no demonstrated understanding of the material; exceptionally weak performance

**Pop Quizzes:**

Quick quizzes will be given during the first 2-3 minutes of random classes throughout the semester. There will be a total of about 10-15 quizzes. The purpose of the quizzes is to monitor basic material understanding as well as to promote on-time class attendance. Please be prepared at every class with a blank sheet of paper (8 ½ x 11) for a potential quiz.

Missed quizzes cannot be made up.

Distance students – the instructor is counting on your integrity to do the quiz during the allotted time period. Please return the quiz as you would any homework set.

**Homework Assignments & Solution Sets:**

Homework and solutions will be posted as .pdf files through this website. If you need Acrobat Reader to view .pdf files, please see the Adobe website for a free download.

Homework will be assigned regularly throughout the semester, and it will usually be due in one week. The solutions to the homework will be posted at the same time as the homework is assigned. The purpose of the homework is for you to practice the techniques discussed in class or to reinforce this material. Completion of the homework is important to fully master this material. Collaboration and discussion of the homework is encouraged.

Homework is due in the classroom on the assigned day – it may not be turned in early. *Homework must be turned in before the start of class.* A student may only turn in their own homework. No electronic submissions are permitted.

Any homework turned in to the TA will receive zero credit.

Because the homework solutions are available as a resource during the completion of the assigned homework, the grading of the homework will be based upon verification that the homework problems have been completed and turned in. Approval for early or late homework must be obtained in advance from the instructor.

**Late Homework Policy (On Campus Students)**:

– Homework that is turned in after the start of class is considered late.

– Late HW that is turned in on the due date will receive a 20% penalty.

– Late HW that is turned in on the day after the due date will receive a 50% penalty.

– Late HW that is turned in two or more days after the due date will receive no credit.

– All late homework must be turned in to the instructor. In the instructor’s absence, you may turn in late HW to Cindy Gardner in Room 719. Any HW turned in to the TA will receive zero credit.

– Homework must be turned in during normal business hours. Do not slip late HW under the instructor’s door or leave it in the box outside the door. It will get zero credit.

– When issues arise, please contact the instructor as soon as possible so that appropriate accommodations can be made.

**Absence:**

It is expected that students will regularly attend class and be on time for class. Late arrivals to class are distracting to both the instructor and the other students. Attendance for this class is not specifically part of the course grade (__but please note the homework and quiz policies__).

In Keeping with University policies:

– All holidays or special events observed by organized religions will be honored for those students who show affiliation with that particular religion.

– Absences pre-approved by the UA Dean of Students (or Dean’s designee) will be honored.

Since there is no grade for attendance for this course, these policies would apply primarily to scheduled exams and quizzes. The instructor must be notified at least one week prior to any such absence so that appropriate arrangements can be made.

**The Full Course Syllabus contains:**

- Special Instructions for Distance Learning Students
- Academic Integrity
- Absence Policies
- Other Policies

**DRC Students:
**

Students who are registered with the Disability Resource Center must submit appropriate documentation to the instructor if they are requesting reasonable accommodations. For this course, exams will be administered here at the College of Optical Sciences rather than at the DRC.

Students requesting accommodation must contact the instructor early in the semester so that the necessary accommodations can be made.

## Homework Schedule

Unless otherwise noted, all homework sets are worth 10 points.

**502 Homework 2018 Set 1** This Homework Set is worth 15 points

Assigned 8/20/18 Lecture 1 Due 9/5/18 Lecture 5

Solutions: 1-1 Fermat Principle Concave Mirror 1-2 Perfect Plano-Convex Lens 1-3 Law of Reflection Fermat Principle 1-4 Refraction Through a Series of Layers 1-5 Laser Scanner 1-6 Snell’s Law 1-7 Tunnel Diagrams 1-8 Fiber Acceptance Angle

**502 Homework 2018 Set 2**

Assigned 9/5/18 Lecture 5 Due 9/12/18 Lecture 7

Solutions: 2-1 LensPentaprism 2-2 Object-Image Distance 2-3 Image Position-Thin Lens 2-4 Focal Length Measurement 2-5 Sign Conventions

###### 502 Homework 2018 Set 3

Assigned 9/12/18 Lecture 7 Due 9/19/18 Lecture 9

Solutions: 3-1 Imaging Exact and Approx 3-2 Star Images 3-3 FOV and Focal Length 3-4 Air and Water Interface 3-5 Special Spherical Ball 3-6 Ray Constructions – Thin Lenses

###### 502 Homework 2018 Set 4

Assigned 9/17/18 Lecture 9 Due 9/26/18 Lecture 11

Solutions: 4-1 Cube – Gaussian Imaging 4-2 Plastic Rod 4-3 Fishbowl 4-4 Gaussian Imaging 4-5 Image in an Eye 4-6 Afocal Glass Rod 4-7 Ray Constructions – Systems

**502 Homework 2018 Set 5**

Assigned 9/26/18 Lecture 11 Due 10/3/18 Lecture 13

Solutions: 5-1 Telephoto – Gaussian Reduction 5-2 Thick Lens – Varying Index 5-3 Gaussian Reduction – 3 Surfaces 5-4 Thick Lens 5-5 Eye Model-Gaussian Reduction 5-6 Concave Mirror 5-7 Mirror with Index n 5-8 Gregorian Objective 5-9 Two Thick Lenses in Air 5-10 Ray Constructions – Mirrors

**502 Homework 2018 Set 6**

Assigned 10/3/18 Lecture 13 Due 10/10/18 Lecture 15 Turn in on Monday 10/15

Solutions: 6-1 Reverse Telephoto Raytrace 6-2 Reverse Telephoto Raytrace with Object 6-3 Three-Surface Raytrace 6-4 Sphere – Paraxial Raytrace 6-5 Eye Model Raytrace 6-6 Biconcave Lens Raytrace 6-7 Mangin Mirror

**502 Homework 2018 Set 7**

Assigned 10/10/18 Lecture 15 Due 10/17/18 Lecture 17

Solutions: 7-1 Refracting Surface with Stop 7-2 Pupil Location – Raytrace 7-3 Pupil Locations – Gaussian 7-4 Sensor Field of View 7-5 Lens with Two Apertures 7-6 Afocal System – Pupils 7-7 Two Thick Lenses with a Stop 7-8 Concave-Convex Lens with Embedded Stop 7-9 Marginal and Chief Rays

**502 Homework 2018 Set 8**

Assigned 10/24/18 Lecture 19 Due 10/31/18 Lecture 21

Solutions: 8-1 Telephoto with FOV and Vignetting – Raytrace 8-2 Stop and Lens Vignetting 8-3 Air-Spaced Triplet 8-4 Lambertian Surface 8-5 Detector Irradiance 8-6 Antelope 8-7 Landscape Lens – Pupils and Vignetting 8-8 Photographic Objective – Raytrace

**502 Homework 2018 Set 9**

Assigned 10/31/18 Lecture 21 Due 11/7/18 Lecture 23

Solutions: 9-1 Reverse Telephoto with FOV – Raytrace 9-2 Telephoto-Thin Lens Design 9-3 Fluid Lens 9-4 DX Format DSLR Camera 9-5 Reverse Telephoto Zoom Lens 9-6 Keplerian 5X 9-7 Binoculars 6×30 9-8 Galilean 5X 9-9 Keplerian 10X Eye Relief 9-10 Stars – Angular Resolution with Diffraction 9-11 Magnifier FOV 9-12 Keplerian 12X with Specified Eye Relief

**502 Homework 2018 Set 10**

Assigned 11/7/18 Lecture 23 Due 11/14/18 Lecture 24

Solutions: 10-1 Teleconverter 10-2 Eyepieces 10-3 Eyeglasses 10-4 Peephole with Radiometry 10-5 Keplerian with Relay 10-6 Cassegrain Objective Raytrace 10-7 Riflescope with Existing Lenses

###### 502 Homework 2018 Set 11

Assigned 11/14/18 Lecture 24 Due 11/21/18 Lecture 26

Solutions: 11-1 Hyperfocal Camera Design Based Upon Monitor Specification 11-2 Objective plus relay 11-3 Telecentric Petzval Lens 11-4 Keplerian-Vignetting and Telecentric 11-5 Lenses With Separation t 11-6 Microscope Finite Tube 11-7 Porro Prism Binoculars

###### 502 Homework 2018 Set 12

Assigned 11/21/18 Lecture 26 Due 11/28/18 Lecture 28

Solutions: 12-1 Afocal Adapter 12-2 Spot on Wall 12-3 Lens of Varying Thickness 12-4 Microscope Objective

###### 502 Homework 2018 Set 13

Assigned 11/28/18 Lecture 28 Due 12/5/18 Lecture 30

Solutions: 13-1 Parallelism 13-2 Achromatic Prism 13-3 Chromatic Aberration and Telescopes 13-4 Achromatic Doublets 13-5 Peephole Unvignetted 13-6 Gregorian Telescope

### Course Notes

**502-03 Imaging with a Thin Lens**

**502-04 Imaging and Paraxial Optics**

**502-06 Object-Image Relationships**

**502-13 Magnifiers and Telescopes**

### General

Schott Glass Map | Data Sheets

History of Telescopes and Binoculars

### Equation Sheets – Will be Included with the Exam

Midterm 502 Equations Midterm – 2018

Final Exam 502 Equations

## Old Exams and Solutions

**Note that old exams and solutions are provided as study aids only. As the course has evolved, the material covered in the course has changed, so that the exams may not be representative of the material coverage on a current exam.**

### Midterm Exams

1999 | Solutions 2000 | Solutions

2001 | Solutions 2002 | Solutions

2003 | Solutions 2004 | Solutions

2005 | Solutions 2006 | Solutions

2007 | Solutions 2008 | Solutions

2009 | Solutions 2010 | Solutions

2011 | Solutions 2012 | Solutions

2013 | Solutions 2014 | Solutions

2015 | Solutions 2016 | Solutions

### Final Exams

2000 | Solutions 2001 | Solutions

2002 | Solutions 2003 | Solutions

2004 | Solutions 2005 | Solutions

2006 | Solutions 2007 | Solutions

2008 | Solutions 2009 | Solutions

2010 | Solutions 2011 | Solutions

2012 | Solutions 2013 | Solutions

2014 | Solutions 2015 | Solutions

2016 | Solutions 2017 | Solutions

### Additional Project-Style Homework Problems (Optional)

## Other Links

Lens Movies – Courtesy of Marshall Scott

SPIE – The International Society for Optics and Photonics