Publications

Optical lithography and Nanofabrication

  • S. Miller, L. Jiang, X. Tu, S. Pau, “Patterned liquid crystal polymer C-plate retarder and color polarizer,” Applied Optics, 60, 6, p.1500-1507, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.416845
  • L. Jiang, K. J. Kim, F. M. Reininger, S. Jiguet, S. Pau, “Microfabrication of color filter array utilizing color dye SU-8 photoresists,” Applied Optics 59, 22, p.G137-G145, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.391579
  • W. L. Hsu, K. Balakrishnan, M. Ibn-Elhaj and S. Pau, “Infrared liquid crystal polymer micropolarizer,” Appl. Opt. 53, 5252-5258, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.53.005252
  • W. L. Hsu, J. Ma, G. Myhre, K. Balakrishnan and S. Pau, “Patterned cholesteric liquid crystal film,” JOSA A 30 (2), 252, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.30.000252
  • S. Manakasettharn, T. H. Hsu, G. Myhre, S. Pau, J. A. Taylor, T. Krupenkin, “Transparent Ta2O5 nanostructured thin films,” Optical Materials Express, 2, 214, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1364/OME.2.000214
  • G. Myhre, A. Sayyad, S. Mataka, S. Pau, “Pattern polarized fluorescence from a thin film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 091108, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3631670
  • G. Myhre, A. Sayyad, and S. Pau, “Patterned color liquid crystal polymer polarizers,” Optics Express 18, 27777, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.027777
  • G. Myhre and S. Pau, “Imaging capability of patterned liquid crystals,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6152, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.48.006152
  • B. C. Richards, J. Hendrickson, J. Sweet, G. Khitrova, D. Litvinov, D. Gerthsen, B. Myer, S. Pau, D. Sarid, M. Wegener, E. L. Ivchenko, A. N. Poddubny and H. M. Gibbs, “Attempts to grow optically coupled Fibonacci-spaced InGaAs/GaAs quantum wells always result in surface gratings,” Optics Express 16, 21512, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.021512
  • W. Y. C. Lai, Leo Ocola, S. Pau, chairs/editors, Proceedings of SPIE, Nanofabrication: Technologies, Devices, and Applications, Vol. 6002, 2006. https://www.spiedigitallibrary.org/conference-proceedings-of-spie/6002.toc
  • W. Y. C. Lai, S. Pau, O. D. Lopez, chairs/editors, Proceedings of SPIE, Nanofabrication: Technologies, Devices, and Applications, Vol. 5592, 2005. https://www.spiedigitallibrary.org/conference-proceedings-of-spie/5592.toc
  • S. Pau, J. A. Taylor, C. S. Pai, “Non-orthogonal wafer dicing for waveguide, MEMS, and nanotechnology applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 22, p. L15, 2004 (featured in Semiconductor International 7/2004). https://doi.org/10.1116/1.1768184
  • S. Pau, G. P. Watson, O. Nalamasu, “Writing an arbitrary pattern using interference lithography,” J. Mod. Optics, Vol. 48, p.1211, 2001. 10.1080/09500340108231764
  • S. Pau, O. Nalamasu, R. Cirelli, J. Frackoviak, A. Timko, G. P. Watson, F. Klemens, G. Timp, “Wavelength-independent optical lithography,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B Vol. 18, p.317, 2000 (featured in Photonics Spectra 2/2000). https://doi.org/10.1116/1.591192
  • S. Pau, O. Nalamasu, R. Cirelli, J. Frackoviak, A. Timko, G. P. Watson, F. Klemens, G. Timp, “Sub-wavelength printing using multiple overlapping masks,” Microelectronic Engineering, Vol. 53, p. 119, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-9317(00)00277-X
  • S. Pau, R. Cirelli, K. Bolan, A. G. Timko, J. Frackoviak, G. P. Watson, L. E. Trimble, J. W. Blatchford, O. Nalamasu, “High density lithography using attenuated phase shift mask and negative resist,” Proc. SPIE, Vol. 4000, p.266, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.389015
  • S. Pau, K. Bolan, M. Blakey, O. Nalamasu, “Shape Engineering: a Novel Optical Proximity Correction Technique for Attenuated Phase-shift Mask,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B Vol. 18, p.2896, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1116/1.1313570
  • J. Griffith, E. M. Kneedler, S. Ningen, A. Berghaus, C. E. Bryson III, S. Pau, E. Houge, T. Shofner, “Scanning Probe Metrology in the Prescence of Surface Charge,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B Vol. 18, pp. 3264-3267, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1116/1.1313586

MEMS

  • L. Jiang, W. B. Whitten, S. Pau, “A planar ion trapping microdevice with integrated waveguides for optical detection,” Optics Express 19, 3037, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.003037
  • S. McGovern, G. Harish, C. S. Pai, W. Mansfield, J. A. Taylor, S. Pau, R. S. Besser, “Investigation of multiphase hydrogenation in a catalyst-trap microreactor,” J. Chem. Tech. Bio. 84, 382, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.2051
  • S. Pau and R. E. Slusher, “Miniaturized ion traps,” McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1036/1097-8542.YB090039
  • L. Jiang, B. Myer, K. Tellefsen, and S. Pau, “A planar microfabricated electrolyzer for hydrogen and oxygen generation,” J. Power Sources 188, 256, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2008.11.099
  • S. McGovern, G. Harish, C. S. Pai, W. Mansfield, S. Pau and R. S. Besser, “Multiphase flow regimes for hydrogenation in a catalyst-trap microreactor,” Chemical Engineering Journal 135S, S229, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2007.07.055
  • S. Pau, W. B. Whitten, J. M. Ramsey, “A planar geometry for trapping and separating ions and charged particles,” Anal. Chem. 79, 6857, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1021/ac0706269
  • S. Pau, Y. L. Low, C. S. Pai, J. Moxom, P. T. A. Reily, W. B. Whitten, J. M. Ramsey, “Microfabricated quadrupole ion trap for mass spectrometer applications,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 120801, 2006. 10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.120801
  • S. Pau, “Trapping and separating polar molecules by a hexapole trap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 134104, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2061854
  • S. Pau, N. Chand, K. Kojima, V. Swaminathan, “Transient effects and cascadability of dynamic equalizing filter: a case study,” Phot. Tech. Lett., Vol. 15, p. 347, 2003 10.1109/LPT.2002.806077
  • S. Pau, M. De Angelis, B. Holland, “Time-multiplexed signals and parallel signal analysis/switch optimization for MEMS-based optical cross-connect,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technology, Vol. 21, p.609, 2003. 10.1109/JLT.2003.809566
  • J. Graebner, S. Pau, P. Gammel, “All optical excitation and detection of MEMS devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 81, 19, p. 3531, 2002 (featured in Photonics Spectra 1/2002). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1519351
  • S. Pau, J. Yu, N. Chand, K. Kojima, “160-Gb/s all-optical MEMS time-slot switch for OTDM and WDM applications,” Phot. Tech. Lett., Vol. 14, p.1460, 2002. 10.1109/LPT.2002.802082

Optics and spectroscopy

  • S. Miller, L. Jiang, S. Pau, “Birefringent coating to remove polarization dependent phase shift,” Opt. Express 30 (12), 20629-20646, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.458859
  • S. Miller, L. Jiang, S. Pau, “Generalized elliptical retarder design and construction using nematic and cholesteric phase liquid crystal polymers,” Opt. Express 30 (10), 16734-16747, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.456874
  • J. I. Frish, T. S. Kleine, R. Himmelhuber, S. Showghi, A. Nishant, K. J. Kim, L. Jiang, L. Brusberg, S. Pau, T. L. Koch, J. Pyun, R. A. Norwood, “Rapid photolithographic fabrication of high density optical interconnects using refractive index contrast polymers,” Opt. Mater. Express 12(5), 1932-1944, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1364/OME.454195
  • L. Jiang, A. Nishant, J. Frish, T. S. Kleine, L. Brusberg, R. Himmelhuber, K. J. Kim, J. Pyun, S. Pau, R. A. Norwood, T. L. Koch, “Smartprint single-mode flexible polymer optical interconnect for high density integrated photonics,” J. Light. Technol., 2022. 10.1109/JLT.2022.3149872
  • L. Jiang, S. Miller, X. Tu, M. Smith, Y. Zou, F. Reininger, S. Pau, “Patterned achromatic elliptical polarizer for short wave infrared imaging polarimetry,” Opt. Express 30(2), 1249-1260, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.445253
  • E. M. Fard, S. Namnabat, S. Arouh, R. A. Norwood, S. Pau, N. Peyghambarian, T. L. Koch, “Low-loss adiabatic silicon nitride to polymer waveguide coupler with relaxed tolerance for high port density interconnects,” Photonics Technology Letters, Vol. 33, 22, 1227-1230, 2021. 10.1109/LPT.2021.3112971
  • S. Miller, Y. Ding, L. Jiang, X. Tu, S. Pau, “Observation of elliptically polarized light from total internal reflection in bubbles,” Scientific Reports 10:8725 2020. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65410-5
  • X. Tu, S. McEldowney, Y. Zou, M. Smith, C. Guido, N. Brock, S. Miller, L. Jiang and S. Pau, “Division of focal plane RGB full-Stokes imaging polarimeter,” Applied Optics 59, 22, p.G33-G40, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.391027
  • J. Liang, X. Tian, X. Tu, O. Spires, N. Brock, L. Ren, B. Yao, S. Pau and R. Liang, “Color full Stokes polarization fringe projection 3D imaging,” Optics and Lasers in Engineering, 130, 106088, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optlaseng.2020.106088
  • S. Miller, X. Tu, L. Jiang, S. Pau, “Polarizing beam splitter cube for circular and elliptically polarized light,” Optics Express 27, 16258, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.27.016258
  • Y. Ding and S. Pau, “Circular and elliptical polarized light underwater and the Umov effect,” Light Science & Applications 8:32, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41377-019-0143-0
  • X. Tian, X. Tu, K. D. Croce, G. Yao, H. Cai, N. Brock, S. Pau, R. Liang, “Multi-wavelength Quantitative Polarization and Phase Microscope,” Biomedical Optics Express 10, 1638, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1364/BOE.10.001638
  • X. Tian, X. Tu, J. Zhang, O. Spires, N. Brock, S. Pau, R. Liang, “Snapshot multi-wavelength interference microscope,” Optics Express 26, 18279, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.26.018279
  • Y. Ding, R. Kerviche, A. Ashok, S. Pau, “Eavesdropping of display devices by measurement of polarized reflected light,” Appl. Opt. 57, 5483, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.57.005483
  • X. Tu, O. J. Spires, X. Tian, N. Brock, R. Liang, S. Pau, “Division of amplitude RGB full-Stokes camera using micro-polarizer, arrays,” Optics Express 25, 33160, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.25.033160
  • Y. Ding, A. Ashok, S. Pau, “Real-time robust direct and indirect photon separation with polarization imaging,” Optics Express 25, 29432, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.25.029432
  • X. Tu, L. Jiang, M. Ibn-Elhaj, S. Pau, “Design, fabrication and testing of achromatic elliptical polarizer,” Optics Express 25, 10355, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.25.010355
  • X. Tu and S. Pau, “Optimized design of N optical filters for color and polarization imaging,” Optics Express 24, 3011, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.24.003011
  • W. L. Hsu, J. Davis, R. Chipman, S. Pau, “Compound dichroic polarizers with wavelength dependent transmission axes,” Appl. Opt. 54, 6476, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.54.006476
  • W. L. Hsu, J. Davis, K. Balakrishnan, M. Ibn-Elhaj, S. Kroto, N. Brock, S. Pau, “Polarization microscope using a near infrared full-Stokes imaging polarimeter”, Optics Express 23, 4357, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.23.004357
  • K. Balakrishnan, S. Pau, “Self-assembled organic optical materials,” McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1036/1097-8542.YB140261
  • K. Balakrishnan, W. L. Hsu, S. Mataka, S. Pau, “Tunable light emission from co-assembled structures of benzothiadiazole molecules,” Chem. Commun. 50, 5600-5603, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1039/C4CC01685H
  • W. L. Hsu, G. Myhre, K. Balakrishnan, N. Brock, M. Ibn-Elhaj and S. Pau, “Full-Stokes imaging polarimeter using an array of elliptical polarizer,” Optics Express 22, 3063, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.003063
  • W. L. Hsu, S. Johnson and S. Pau, “Multiplex localization imaging and sub-diffraction limited measurement,” J. Mod. Optics 60 (5), 414, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1080/09500340.2013.782431
  • W. L. Hsu and S. Pau, “Image formation of a one dimensional polynomial mirror: numbers and parities of images,” Optics and Lasers in Engineering 51 (8), 986, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optlaseng.2013.02.020
  • S. Johnson, F. Kueppers, S. Pau, “Efficiency of continuous-wave solar pumped semiconductor lasers,” Optics & Laser Technology 47, 194, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optlastec.2012.08.037
  • S. Pau, “Shadow,” McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1036/1097-8542.618000
  • K. Balakrishnan, A. Sayyad, G. Myhre, S. Mataka and S. Pau, “Multi-mode waveguides from ultra-long self-assembled hexagonal faceted microtubules from a benzothiadiazole molecule,” Chem. Commun., 48 (95), 11668, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1039/C2CC36327E
  • G. Myhre, W. L. Hsu, A. Peinado, C. LaCasse, N. Brock, R. A. Chipman and S. Pau, “Liquid crystal polymer division of focal plane polarimeter,” Optics Express 20 (25), 27393, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.027393
  • S. Pau, “Optics,” McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1036/1097-8542.473700
  • S. Johnson, S. Pau, F. Kueppers, “Experimental demonstration of optical re-timing using temporal soliton molecules,” J. Lightwave Technology 29, 3493, 2011. 10.1109/JLT.2011.2171320
  • L. Jiang, W. B. Whitten, S. Pau, “A charged-particle manipulator utilizing a co-axial tube electrodynamic trap with an integrated camera,” J. Inst. 6, P10014, 2011. 10.1088/1748-0221/6/10/P10014
  • P. Llull, G. Myhre, S. Pau, “Lens array Stokes imaging polarimeter,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 065901, 2011. 10.1088/0957-0233/22/6/065901
  • S. S. Kuwahara, J. L. Cuello, G. Myhre and S. Pau, “Growth of the green algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii under red and blue lasers”, Optics and Lasers in Engineering 49, 434, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optlaseng.2010.11.015
  • S. Pau, “Photonics,” McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1036/1097-8542.900173
  • S. Pau, “Ultraviolet Radiation,” McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1036/1097-8542.719800
  • S. Pau, “Physical Optics,” McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1036/1097-8542.514000
  • S. Pau and W. J. Dallas, “Generalized spatial filtering velocimetry and accelerometry for uniform and non-uniform objects,” Appl. Opt. 48, 4713, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.48.004713
  • L. Jiang, K. P. Gerharadt, B. Myer, Y. Zohar, S. Pau, “A SU-8 based fluidic immuno-spectroscopic lab-on-a-chip for rapid quantitative detection of biomolecules,” J. MEMS 17, 1495, 2008. 10.1109/MEMSYS.2008.4443628
  • L. Jiang and S. Pau, “Integrated waveguide with a microfluidic channel in spiral geometry for spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111108, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2713356
  • Z. Guo, H. Quan, S. Pau, “Near-field gap effects on small microcavity whispering-gallery mode resonator,” J. Physics D 39, 5133, 2006. 10.1088/0022-3727/39/24/006
  • Z. Guo, H. Quan, S. Pau, “Numerical characterization of whispering-gallery mode optical microcavities,” Appl. Optics 45, 611, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.45.000611
  • Z. Guo, H. Quan, S. Pau, “Optical resonance in fabricated whispering-gallery mode microcavity,” J. Heat Transfer 127, 808, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2033314
  • B. C. Daly, N. C. R. Holme, T. Buma, C. Branciard, T. B. Norris, D. M. Tennant, J. A. Taylor, J. E. Bower, S. Pau, “Imaging Nanostructures with Coherent Phonon Pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. Vol. 84, p.5180, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1764599