Welcome to the Bose Einstein Condensation (BEC) lab at the University of Arizona’s College of Optical Sciences. Located in warm and sunny Tucson, we are pursuing research with some of the coldest stuff in the universe: Bose-Einstein Condensates. Our specific areas of interest include studies of superfluid vortices, phase transitions, and quantum turbulence. We use BECs held in combined magnetic and optical potentials, in both 3-D and nearly 2-D trapping geometries.
We gratefully acknowledge funding and support from the National Science Foundation (current grant PHY-1607243).
BEC VortexBib Tex
The BECVortex Project is a resource for people interested in experiments on quantized vortices in atomic quantum fluids.
What is a BEC?
A Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) is a state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero (that is, very near 0 K or −273.15 °C). Under such conditions, a large fraction of bosons occupy the lowest quantum state, at which point macroscopic quantum phenomena become apparent. It is formed by cooling a gas of extremely low density, about one-hundred-thousandth the density of normal air, to ultra-low temperatures.
This state was first predicted, generally, in 1924–25 by Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein.