3D Display


The aim of this project is to develop an holographic 3D display using photorefractive polymer device (For an overview of different 3D technologies, click here).

Photorefractive polymers are dynamic, and fully reversible holographic recording material (see this section). So they can be used to write, erase, and refresh holograms. By writing the holograms at video rate, we ultimately can make a display.

Holograms are recorded into the polymer using the principle of stereography. This means the diffraction pattern is recorded pixel by pixel, and the data can come from various image sources,  like medical instrument, observation satelite, CAD models… And even our own live capture system composed of 16 cameras.

With this system, we demonstrated a telepresence application by filming a person in one room and sending the hologram data over the internet to be printed in another location. There the audience can see that person in 3D.

The current performances we have demonstrated are: 12×12 inches size, full color based on RGB, 2 second recording time (for 4×4″), full parallax, 45° angle of view, no material degradation over 2 years.

To understand how different 3D display technologies works, follow this link.

Download a white paper.


  • P.-A. Blanche, “Holography, and the future of 3D display“. Light: Advanced Manufacturing, 2, 2689-9620, (2021). Link
  • P.-A. Blanche, J.-W. Ka, N. Peyghambarian,  “Review of Organic Photorefractive Materials and Their Use for Updateable 3D Display”, materials (MDPI), 2021, 14, 5799. Link
  • P.-A. Blanche, et al., “Fast and continuous recording of refreshable holographic stereograms,” Optical Engineering 57(6), 061608 (1 March 2018). Link
  • P.-A. Blanche, “Toward the Ultimate 3D Display”, Information Display, February/March vol.28, No.03. 2012 Link
  • P.-A. Blanche et al., “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer”, Nature, vol. 468, issue 7320, pp 80-83 4 November 2010. Link
  • P.-A. Blanche et al., “An updatable holographic display for 3D visualization”, IEEE Journal of Display Technology, Special Issue on Medical Displays , invited paper, vol.4, n°4, pp 424-430, (2008) Link
  • N. Peyghambarian et al., “Rewritable holographic 3-D displays”, optics and Photonics News , invited paper, Vol.19, No. 7/8, pp 22-27 and cover, July/August 2008 Link
  • S. Tay et al., “An updateable holographic 3D display”, Nature 451, 694-698, (2008) Link

Images & Videos

MarvelDisney XD team spent two days in our lab for this segment of the Marvel Universe explaining 3D holographic imaging. See the video on youtube.

Color, full parallax, telepresence, fast refreshing rate


Telepresence (Video)

50 Hz recording (video)

50 Hz recording

Fast refreshing rate (video)

Fast refreshing rate (video)

Hologram Pictures (January 2009)

6×6 inches samples compared to previous sizes (May 2006)

080501_6x6 sample

Video (May 2008): F4 and YF22 jet fighters in 3D

Video (April 2008): Various monochrome holograms.


Artist rendering of the 3D display (June 2007).

070601_Artist rendering

The team (Feb 2008)

P.-A. Blanche, N. Peyghambarian and S. Tay in front of the setup.

Large table enclosure (drawing/execution).

Video (May 2007): Our very first 3D image: a cube.

070601_Setup in action

Video (June 2006): The Holographic 3D display setup in action

Recording Display Erasing played in real time.


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